Volvariella volvacea better eaten from a can?

Found in the Sub-tropics and Tropical regions, eaten largely in Asia.  Correct identification will prevent a trip to the Crematorium. Collected between January and June, Sunshine Coast Qld .  Recently found them as far South as Coffs Harbour. After the gills have turned pink it is then essential to make a spore print ensuring you have the correct species. The closely related species Volvariella speciosa (now moved to another Genus under the name  Volvopluteus gloiocephalus) is more common in Temperate regions and has been mistaken in Canberra for Amanita phalloides resulting in death. If one is not confidently adept with Amanita identification it is best to avoid this species.


Rusty spore print and pink gills of mature Volvariella volvacae



Volvariella volvacea easily mistaken for poisonous Amanita

At the young stage it is difficult to differentiate between Poisonous possibly Fatal Amanita’s and edible Volvariella’s. Both species have universal veil covering (forming from an egg) and a volva (the lower half of the egg splits forming a cup around the base). The spores are transported with the movement of cow manure as you can see in the below picture.


In tree bags packed with 65% cardboard, cow manure, soil casing.

Patience and observation reveals pink gills.


Volvariella volvacea, young and mature.

The above picture shows young and mature Volvariella -pink gills, no ring and no striations on the cap margin. There is a light pink gilled Amanita of unknown Toxicology in Queensland, it has a ring though these can fall off, it has striations on the cap margin. Found under Casuarina trees in parks and gardens. Click on the image, use the magnifying glass to look at the striations.


Volvariella look-alike Amanita with Pink Gills



Volvariella volvacea spore print.

This mushroom is commonly cultivated throughout Asia. There is potentially an untapped market in Australia as we can only buy Volvariella canned as young mushrooms in brine imported from Asia, sold in all major supermarkets of Australia. You have probably already enjoyed this mushroom without knowing.


Various stages, showing pale gills when young and pink at maturity. White gilled Lepiota’s of unknown Toxicology also inhabit woodchip piles at the same time SE, Qld.


Volvariella volvacea at Maturity.

Large hand sized mature caps with pink gills. At this stage and size the only look-alikes with pink gills inhabiting large woodchip piles of over 3 cubic meters are members of Agaricus or Pluteus which neither have a volva.

Video Links

Jeff Herriot has intuitively mastered growing Volvariella volvacea in his Qld backyard amongst the vegetables. A great model to replicate.

Volvariella volvacea growing in woodchip Sunshine Coast.


5 thoughts on “Volvariella volvacea better eaten from a can?

  1. Another interesting one. I didn’t know that these grew wild in Oz. It seems that most cases of Death Cap poisoning are from mistaking the Amanitas for these.

    • Nothing would surprise me anymore.
      I don’t think that they recognise that it comes from a particular climatic zone, just that it looks like something they are familiar with.

  2. I found a similar one , pretty smooth cap, but the lamella is much much darker when the mushroom is mature. The stem is hollow, very fragile and easy to split into long strips. Is it Volvariella volvacea?

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