Macrolepiota dolichaula- (White Parasol)

In a field guide to Australian fungi, A.M Young makes mention of these mushrooms being eaten in Australia by some and others receiving stomach upsets. It is also found and eaten in India,China and North Thailand. I never thought a toadstool could taste so good, really nice texture and abundant in grazing pastures, they are pungent  fresh, have white spores, sliding ring, tall, standing out from hundreds of metres away, much taller than the poisonous green spored Chlorophyllum molybdites.

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Cap 6-16cm diameter though up to dinner plate size is not uncommon. Light brown centre of concentrated scales radiating out and dispersing.

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Stem 7-24cm 0.6- 2.5cm hollow, easily snapped. stem base slightly bulbous. A similar looking species Chlorophyllum hortense can be found growing at the same time but it’s stem reddens with bruising or when cut.

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Gills free from stem, closely stacked. Gills white to cream on maturity. Margin bearing remnants of veil. Ring whitish, membranous.

 

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M. dolichaula stands out from other Macrolepiota by the height & diameter.

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October through to June Blue Mountains to far North Qld.

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If in doubt through it out, these mushrooms need cooking on high heat in an open pan to reduce the risk of gastro-intestinal upsets.

Look-alikes include Chlorophyllum hortense, Chlorophyllum molybdites and where Eucalyptus border paddocks the white gilled Amanita pyramidifera can appear similar especially if the pyramids on the cap have washed out. A. pyramidifera lacks the thin walled hollow stalk of M.dolichaula.

M.dolichaula is eaten in India, China, North Thailand.

NUTRITIONAL AND NUTRACEUTICAL POTENTIAL OF WILD EDIBLE MACROLEPIOTOID MUSHROOMS OF NORTH INDIA

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9 thoughts on “Macrolepiota dolichaula- (White Parasol)

  1. I’m really enjoying seeing all these finds. And I admire your faith in your identification in Lepiota. It is one genus that I avoid, though I know of others who indulge. I have never heard of this particular species before.

  2. I have been searching the far reaches of Cyberspace to find a resource that talks about what fungi you can eat – not a blanket warning to leave them all alone. Thanks so much. I’m very tempted to give Macrolepiota dolichaula a go on the plate!

  3. I am overjoyed to find this sight. Thank you so much. I foraged in the UK for so many years and have been looking for more methods of identification for fungi here in Australia. The parasols seem so similar here and I have enjoyed eating them but became slightly nervous to cook them for others when people warned me they could be a different species.

    Has anyone heard of blewits on the NSW mid north coast?

    • You can always dry a sample and post it to the Qld Herbarium for Identification.
      Clorophyllum hortense can be very similar but bruises reddish when the stem is squashed. They’re often found near each other. C. hortense is considered suspect by some.

      As for Blewits If you find some, I would like to know.
      You should find some Lepista sublilacina. There out at the moment.

      • And visuals on YouTube- this is a good week. I will endeavour to contribute to the information gathering. Thanks so much.

  4. Some recent activity in this area led me to look at the Cribbs description in my old 1974 version (p208). They consider this species poisonous. They report a husband and wife eating these, the man having no ill effect while the wife was violently ill. These reports seem to run across a few species allied to this one.

    • I have the 2nd edition, under Macrolepiota procera, states they highly regard them, I assume they mean M.clelandii. As for white parasols, they simply say “some regard as poisonous and others eat them with no ill effect.”

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